It can stretch, sometimes even itch and make scales. Dry skin has too little fat and moisture. We show what really helps against it.
By this you recognize dry skin
It can stretch, sometimes even itch and make scales. Unlike oily skin , dry skin has too little fat and moisture. The skin type “dry skin” can be determined quickly. Without immediate creaming the skin tightens after cleansing, itching and even forming flakes. In some parts of the body it feels really rough. But does that happen?
The moisture barrier of the skin is disturbed, too much water is released to the outside , the skin dries out. Proper cleaning and care are therefore particularly important for dry skin. Rich creams containing natural vegetable oils that are similar in composition to fat, such as olive oil, evening primrose seed, argan or grape seed oil, are ideal for dry skin. Paired with substances that can bind moisture in the skin, even dry skin can look taut and even.
How come dry skin?
The fat and moisture regulation is disturbed: Dry facial skin may have genetic causes, but also related to the age. Because with the years, the skin dries out increasingly. The sebum production decreases, the epidermis can bind less moisture and the sweat glands form less sweat.
In general, strong sunlight, dry heating air, hot baths and improper care increase the dehydration of the skin. Certain ingredients should therefore be avoided, such as alcohol or “alcohol dent.” (denatured alcohol), (exceptions: ingredients such as acetyl alcohol or stellar alcohol are commonly used, wax-like cosmetic thickeners that cause no irritation), eucalyptus, mint and generally an excess of fragrances are not for dry skin.
Dry skin on the face
Dry facial skin looks rough, shiny, or cracked, sometimes reddened or flaky, and may even itch. Wrinkles can also form or increase on dry skin.
First Aid Measures: Avoid sunbeams, alcohol, medications, heating air, soaps and wash gel, as they can worsen dry facial skin. If it wrinkles, flakes and itches, it means: provide dry facial skin with sufficient moisture – this is especially true when the skin is uncomfortable. Water-in-oil emulsions can smooth the epidermis, and substances such as urea, hyaluronic acid , lactic acid and glycerin help keep moisture in the skin. We have reviewed facial cream with Hyaluron editorial and tried the most popular products once. Moist SOS helpers are cloth masks. Which are particularly effective, we have tried: Sheet masks in the test the editorial office.
Soothe irritated skin that flakes – this requires intensive care, for example, with a special serum for very dry skin, which is applied daily. It is important to treat the skin gently while cleaning. Cleansing milk is generally better than tonic, even a scrub should be used sparingly. Mi cellar water is also one of the gentle cleaning methods.
Dry skin in winter
The problem in winter: Dry skin needs extra care, because even at temperatures below eight degrees, the skin reduces the production of sebum and forms less fat. In addition, heating air dries sensitive skin. In addition, we sweat less in winter, and because sweat also transports skin fat, increases the feeling of dryness.
Those who love long winter walks should protect their dry skin with cold protection creams – preferably on a natural cosmetic basis. They lay on the skin like a film, sealing them and preventing moisture from getting lost in the dry winter air. Back in the warm home, the cream but down again – otherwise sweat the skin.
Skin care with mineral oils – yes or no?
Mineral oils (Paraffin-um Liquid-um) are in many care creams. They have the advantage that they are long lasting, but they lay like a film on the skin. The skin can no longer breathe properly, its function is limited. One has the feeling that one has to cream more often, because the layers of skin stretch.
Mineral oil is particularly worrying because studies have found that Mineral Oil Aromatic Hydrocarbons, or MOAH for short, are a ” carcinogenic risk “, according to the European Food Safety Authority, Elsa. Especially in lip care mineral oil should be avoided, because it can be absorbed through the lips and so on in the body.
Dry skin in summer
The problem in the summer: When we sweat, fluid is released through the skin, and the skin dries up faster. Air conditioning and solar radiation enhance this effect. In addition, the UV radiation naturally strains the skin. Sunscreen and the UV filters contained in it can also dry out the skin. Nevertheless, UV protection is of course indispensable. Mineral sunscreen may be an alternative to chemical filters, but if it contains no nano-particles, it bothers you. Everyone decides which filter to choose. Meanwhile, many good face creams incorporate a built-in UV protection from SPF 20 to SPF 50 , which is combined with the nourishing ingredients. We have Sunscreen for the face subjected to the editorial test and reveal, which is suitable for dry skin.
Skin care should be adjusted to moisture in summer and to fat in winter.
Our lip skin has few sebaceous glands, which is why it often feels dry and brittle. Especially we notice that in cold or under strong sunlight. Those who then constantly resort to lip balm, quickly loses the feeling of the natural dryness of the lips. You should also be wary of products containing mineral oils. They lay like a film on the skin , which swells up and dries out even more. So you always have the feeling that you have to cream more.
If the frequent greasing becomes too much, that can go on Nursing Diet. Usually you get used to the normal condition of the lip skin after three weeks of abstinence. As a grooming ritual, we recommend applying some organic honey overnight and drinking plenty of water during the day. This keeps the lips tender and well-groomed. Also, the beauty shelf holds good: After a lip scrub we can apply an intensive night care for the lips (eg from Burt’s Bees “Overnight Intensive Lip Treatment”, about 9 euros).
In extreme cold, after the housework – sometimes the skin on the hands tense and scary awfully. Hand creams with urea, glycerin and nourishing oils provide immediate relief. In winter the care may be more fatty than in summer. We have made the editorial check and reveal which care for dry hands we liked in particular: hand cream in the test .
Is not there a body lotion too?
No, because the mixture of fats and moisture binders must be right. So that the glass does not slip out of hand and there are no stains on the paper. The care strategy at night for particularly dry hands: First make a special hand peel and then slip into gloves that are “soaked” with nourishing substances, they provide the hands overnight. We give tips for dry hands .
Dry skin on the body
The skin also tightens and itches especially on the lower legs above the shins, feet, hands, elbows and forearms. It’s best to care for dry skin with oily scrubs and rich lotions. We have great DIY ideas for self- peeling .
Important for the care of dry skin:
- No long and hot bubble baths and shower orgies – this dries out the skin additionally. If you love long baths, should still be limited to a maximum of 20 minutes! Even highly perfumed products can be irritating.
- In the case of shower gel and bubble baths, checking the ingredients: Many of the products foam heavily – this suggests the cleansing effect. They contain sodium laurel sulfate (SLS), which can irritate the skin. Use better shower oil or oil baths. Or products that contain milder washing substances, such as coconut oils, that do not irritate the skin. Even home remedies help with dry skin: a bath with a few splashes of olive oil, coconut oil or milk nourishes.
- The temperature of the water is also crucial. Do not shower too hot or take a bath!
- A rich body lotion or body butter for dry skin is best applied after showering or bath on the still moist skin. So it better absorbs into the depths of the upper skin layer.
- Not only sun exposure, sunscreen , tanning products are also difficult with dry skin, because some self-tanners dry them out.
Strengthening the natural skin barrier – that’s how it works
- Beware of moisture! In winter, creams with high water content are exactly the wrong thing for very dry skin. The dry heating air and the cold temperatures outside, the skin can not store the water, the skin barrier function is weakened and the already very dry skin continues to dry out. In addition, the water contained therein can freeze at high temperatures and cause frost damage on the skin . We explain what ingredients should be in Face Cream for dry skin and what you can do about itchy skin and flaky skin .
- More fat With falling temperatures, the sebaceous glands produce less and less skin fat. In extreme cold, this fat production can even be stopped altogether. Therefore, it is especially important in winter to use a richer face cream than in summer , for example with vegetable fats such as evening primrose oil. Micro-silver is also supposed to protect against germs from the outside – normal healthy skin has an intact barrier, but in very dry skin it is more permeable, so that germs can penetrate more easily. The very dry skin on the body needs special care, as creams with urea, macadamia oil and glycerin help moisturize. If you want to stay true to your favorite skin care , you can switch to the night cream as day care in winter.Eczema sufferers have more problems with their skin – we tell them which SOS strategies help to combat facial eczema – and rosacea and rosacea are also getting worse. If you are prone to redness, you can apply a cold protection cream (“wind and weather cream”) before the winter walk and use a cream with licorice root in the evening, which relieves redness.
- Nurturing the lips Delicate lip skin has no sebaceous glands. That’s why fat is so important from the outside. Lip care with vegetable waxes and oils take care of the repair of chapped lips. If the skin on the lips is already very dry, just nurse until it is beautifully supple again. But: with the right ingredients. We reveal what you should pay attention to when choosing lip care and whether lip balm is addictive. And: Do not wet your chapped lips with your tongue , then it just dries out more.
- Protecting hands The skin on the hands is often very dry in winter. Cracked hands become supple again when they are creamed in the evening with a greasy cream. Put on thin cotton gloves (from the pharmacy) and leave overnight. Meanwhile, there are even special cloth masks for the hands and feet, which are soaked with highly concentrated serums and optimally moisturizes the skin.
Is it still dry skin or eczema? Clarify diseases!
Eczema and dry skin have a common skin barrier disorder. Eczema is characterized by red, scaly, sometimes weeping eczema on the skin and a strong itching. The eczema occurs in batches, it is treatable, but not curable. We have listed the symptoms of a topic dermatitis and give tips on what you can do to treat a topic dermatitis. Anyone who wonders if his extremely dry and flaky skin is actually already a topic dermatitis, should definitely clarify the dermatologist.
Plus, we have many skin care tips for psoriasis – this helps with psoriasis!
Diseases such as diabetes are also associated with dry skin. Extremely dry skin on the feet and hands or problems with cracks can be a cautionary note!
Beauty food against dry facial skin
Vitamin deficiency can also be a cause of dry facial skin. Vitamin A, vitamins from the B group and biotin are responsible for keeping the skin healthy. Vitamin A helps to build new layers of skin, stabilizes the cell walls and thus ensures smooth skin.
Egg yolk, fatty fish (such as mackerel and salmon) contain vitamin A. Fruits and vegetables provide beta-carotene, which the body converts to vitamin A. Beta-carotene is found mainly in heavily colored fruits and vegetables such as carrots, apricots, broccoli, kale and peppers . Vitamin E reduces the moisture loss of the skin, it is contained in grains and nuts .